With a modern, efficient and competitive agriculture, Brazil has become one of the world’s largest agricultural producers and exporters over the last two decades. Productivity gains, management effi ciency, research, innovation, and technological development have revolutionized the country’s agribusiness sector.
- Brazil has a suitable environment and conditions to increase its food production, combining 12% of the world’s water supply and one of the largest arable land areas in the world.
- Native vegetation covers 66.3% of the territory, while only 30.2% of the territory is used for farming (257 million hectares), of which 9% (76.6 million ha) are used for crops and planted forests and 21.2% for pastures (112.4 million ha planted and 68.1 million ha native).
- Brazilian agricultural production has been steadily rising over the last decades, due to the intensive use of technology in machinery, equipment and genetics.
These factors have pushed up the productivity of farms, especially for commodities.
Despite all achievements made by Brazilian Agriculture today, there is still considerable room for growth in the agricultural sector.
In the last 40 years, the yield of the main crops increased 266%, while the expansion of planted area along the same period was only 33%, according to the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply (MAPA).
The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) expects that global demand for food will increase by 50% until 2050, and that Brazil alone will account for 40% of the food production growth necessary to meet the demand.
Because of such technological advances, the total production of grains is expected to reach 301.8 million tons by the 2027/2028 season, up from the current 248.3 million for the 2018/2019 season. The country is expected to take on a larger role in global agricultural trade.
FAO and OECD rank Brazil as the second largest global supplier of food and agricultural products, on the path to become the foremost supplier in meeting additional global demand, mostly originating from Asia. Its influence is even larger for specific products: Brazil will be responsible for more than 45% of global sugar exports, while becoming the world leader for beef and poultry, with export shares of 18% and 36%, respectively.